ABA Photo Quiz

ABA Online Bird Photo Quiz 153

Answer

From the comparison to the leaves, our quiz bird is obviously small and the combination of toe arrangement (three forward, one back), underparts color (mostly bright yellow), and leg color (pink), we should quickly reduce our options to a couple of passerine families:  Parulidae (wood warblers) and Fringillidae (finches).  Looking farther forward on the bird, its obvious pale and strongly contrasting eye ring rules out the only two finch options (Lesser and American goldfinches).

As I have written previously (Leukering, T. 2015. Soft parts: Leg color in passerines. Colorado Birds 49:117-118), pink leg color in birds is fairly rare and, in passerines, seems to be an indicator of species that typically forage on the ground or in low vegetation.  Think about it – pink legs are restricted in passerines to some thrushes, some pipits, a smattering of warblers, most of the sparrows, and a couple of finches.  Now, while non-pink legs has no bearing on whether a species forages low or not (think, American Robin, Le Conte’s Thrasher, and Indigo Bunting), pink legs seems highly correlated with low-stratum foraging.  So, what does the above mean for us in the task at hand?  Well, it’s simply another tool in our identification arsenal, like presence or absence of wing bars, eye rings, and tail spots.

While the bird has an obvious eye ring, we cannot determine whether our quiz bird has wing bars or tail spots.  However, we can see that much of the head is dark, with some black in front of and below the pale eye ring.  At the other end, we can see white behind the flanks.  With the various features noted, we have enough information to correctly identify the quiz bird.

The presence and completeness of the eye ring is probably our best feature at ruling out ID contenders, leaving us Nashville, Magnolia, and Canada warblers and Common Yellowthroat.  The white behind the flanks rules out the first and fourth options (the white on the underparts of Nashville is typically between the legs), and the leg color rules out the remaining incorrect option.  We can confirm identification by noting the bit of black streaking on the chest and, for those with excellent color discernment, the yellow of the top-front quarter of the eye ring.


I took this picture of a male Canada Warbler near Caseville, Huron Co., MI, on 18 May 2014.

~~~~~~~~

The following people (listed by submission date beginning with the earliest) submitted correct answers for the December 2015 Bird Photo Quiz —Canada Warbler:

  1. Clifford Hawley - Sacramento, CA
  2. Brien Weiner/Alan Klein - Long Island, NY
  3. Tom Lally - Chicago, IL
  4. Jeffrey K. Hanson - Pittsfield, MA
  5. Josh Southern - Holly Springs, NC
  6. Andrew Theus - Berrien Springs, MI
  7. Alison Beringer - Bloomfield, NJ
  8. Marilyn Ohler - Stratford,Ontario,Canada
  9. Isabel Apkarian - Toronto, Ontario
  10. Lars Skalnes - Eugene, OR
  11. Patty McKelvey - Sheffield Village, Ohio
  12. Jack Rogers - Mt Pleasant, SC
  13. Noelle Wagner - Des Moines, IA
  14. Joshua Glant - Seattle, WA
  15. Greg Tito - Richmond, VA
  16. Jason Wilder - Flagstaff, AZ
  17. Scott Meyer - Richfield, MN
  18. Jason Sullivan - Kettering, OH
  19. Scott Lenfest - College Station, TX
  20. Aiden Moser - Henniker, NH
  21. Todd Alfes - Kalamazoo, MI
  22. Michael David - Pittsburgh
  23. Claude Auchu - La Pocatiere, Quebec
  24. Dean Shoup - Golden, CO
  25. Alex Wiebe - Takoma Park, MD
  26. Bridget Spencer - Vancouver, BC
  27. Elliot Dziedzic - Philadelphia, PA
  28. John Habig - Carlisle, OH
  29. Linda Pittman - Wilton, CA
  30. Peter Lane - Québec, Canada
  31. Fyn Kynd - Searsmont, ME
  32. Nathan Webb - Elba, AL
  33. Matthew Press - Sarasota, Florida
  34. Neil Dowling - Northboro MA
  35. Evan Dalton - North Easton, MA
  36. Martina Nordstrand - Indian Trail, NC
  37. Jerald Reb - Dover, DE
  38. Steve Juhasz - Mission, BC
  39. tom graham - seabrook nh
  40. Bruce Dralle - Lookout Mountain TN
  41. Sam Ewing - Gainesville, Florida
  42. Varick Cowell - Holden, MO
  43. Dan Cowell - Holden, MO
  44. Tracy Ara - Kansas City, MO
  45. Vera Miller - Downers Grove, IL
  46. Rosemary Paul - Carbondale Il
  47. Blake Mathys - West Mansfield, OH
  48. Cathy Sheeter - Oradell, NJ
  49. Nolan Keyes - Berrien Springs, Michigan
  50. Martin Sharp - Edmonton, Alberta
  51. Nina Sitra - Sugar Land, TX
  52. George Forsyth - Port Williams NS Canada
  53. Molly Zahn - Lawrence, KS
  54. Chris Blazo - Chambersburg, PA
  55. Amy Courtney - Hoonah, AK
  56. Erica Rutherford - Oakland, CA
  57. Rosemarie Widmer - Allendale NJ
  58. Ryan Zucker - New York, NY
  59. Caroline Martin - Calgary, AB
  60. Karl Erich Mayer - Tawas City, Michigan
  61. Dean Nicholson - Cranbrook, B.C.
  62. Kevin Ebert - Chevy Chase, MD
  63. Pete Fenner - East Peoria, IL
  64. jack peneston - Burlington
  65. William von Herff - Ottawa, Ontario
  66. Mike Wasilco - Caledonia, NY
  67. Georgia Conti - Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico
  68. Kimberly Sucy - Rochester, New York
  69. Regan Goodyear - Bracebridge, Ontario
  70. David Goodyear - Bracebridge, Ontario
  71. Jack Holloway - Mesa, AZ
  72. keith wimbush - crewe, cheshire, UK
  73. Isaac - Kamloops, BC
  74. Wesley Hatch - Chagrin Falls, OH
  75. Andre Moncrieff - Baton Rouge, LA
  76. Caleb Strand - Buckeye, AZ
  77. Heidi Cleven - Brooklyn, NY
  78. Hiram Herrera - Chula Vista, CA
  79. Gary Bloomfield - Arcata, California
  80. Angus Pritchard - Decatur, GA
  81. Jackie Allison - Nipomo, California
  82. Casey Ryan - Fort Wayne, IN
  83. Alex Lin-Moore - New Haven, Connecticut
  84. Kyle Lima - Ellsworth, Maine
  85. Jason Vassallo - Seattle
  86. Andrew Cannizzaro - Hamilton, OH
  87. Sharon Gilchrist - Livingston, TX
  88. Logan Lalonde - Kelowna, B.C.
  89. Jack Esworthy - North Chesterfield
  90. Brian Menker - Dayton, OH
  91. Austin Young - Filer, ID
  92. Jared Parks - Church Hill, MD
  93. Lance Verderame - Livingston Manor, New York
  94. Madeline Alfieri - Hammondsport, NY
  95. Traci Van Tine - North Branch, MI
  96. Griffin Madison, - CT
  97. Frank Mantlik - Stratford, Connecticut
  98. Robert Packard - Riverside, CA
  99. Chris Rurik - Denver, CO
  100. Greg Zupansic - Eugene, Oregon
  101. Celestyn Brozek - Albuquerque
  102. Ed Harper - Carmichael, CA
  103. Tracy Mullen - Seattle, WA
  104. Andrew Miller - Partridge, Kansas
  105. Nick Minor - Minneapolis, MN 55455
  106. Darrel Wilder - Sun Lakes, AZ
  107. Wes Serafin - Orland Park,Illinois
  108. Anya Auerbach - New York
  109. Mireille Barry - Quebec, QC, Canada
  110. Nancy Hetrick - Albuquerque, NM
  111. Terri Everett - Big Rapids, MI
  112. Joseph Miller - Nickerson, KS
  113. Jeremy Collison - Albany, New York
  114. Geoffrey Urwin - Warman, Saskatchewan
  115. Gary Koehn - Colorado Springs, Colorado
  116. Colin Dobson - Jacksonville Illinois
  117. Monica Berger - Brooklyn
  118. Pam Myers - Marysville, WA
  119. Caleb Ewing - Gainesville, FL
  120. Brad Hammond - Wilder, Idaho
  121. Urs Geiser - Woodridge, IL
  122. Kai Shaikh - Pittsburgh, PA
  123. Stephen Kloiber - Pen Argyl, PA
  124. George Cresswell - Colorado Springs, CO
  125. Alan Bowman - Madisonville, LA
  126. Anton Mach - Yardley, PA
  127. Lori Conrad - Portal, Az
  128. Richard Stern - Port Williams, Nova Scotia
  129. David Hollie - Ringgold, GA
  130. Elaine Nakash - Bowie, MD
  131. Kim - Silver Spring, MD
  132. Daroczi J. Szilard - Tg.-Mures, Romania
  133. Michael Scott Levy - Centereach, New York
  134. Robert Proniewych - Uniondale, New York
  135. Kathleen Shea - Woburn, MA
  136. Don Lima - Ellsworth, ME
  137. Peter LaBelle - Thetford, Vermont
  138. Bruce Cameron - Dallas, Texas
  139. Dave Worthington - Toronto, Ontario
  140. Andy Eckerson - Dighton, Massachusetts
  141. William Young - Willow Street, PA.
  142. Jordan Spindel - New York, New York
  143. Mickey Shortt - Banner Elk, NC
  144. Linda Fink - Grand Ronde, OR
  145. Katrina Lasky - Tiffin Ohio, USA
  146. Drew Finn San - Antonio, Texas
  147. Kristen Martyn - Richmond Hill, ON
  148. Barb Robertson - Ottawa, On., Canada
  149. kris tyner - clearlake oaks, california
  150. Adam Betuel - Atlanta, GA
  151. Ian Ruppenthal - Davidson, NC
  152. Thomas Gray - Roanoke,VA
  153. Dustin Holschuh - Peoria,Illinois


How Did You Compare?

As stated in the quiz rules, answers must consist simply of the Common or English name exactly as it appears in the ABA Checklist.

The following list shows the number of submissions for each species guessed.



Connecticut Warbler
8
Nashville Warbler
5
Mourning Warbler
3
MacGillivray's Warbler
2
Magnolia Warbler
2
 
Pine Warbler
1
Kirtland's Warbler
1
Japanese White Eye
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

~~~~~~~~

The photo and answer for this quiz were supplied by Tony Leukering.